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Sailor Moon is a media franchise created by Naoko Takeuchi. The series began as a manga published in 1991, and later spawned an anime adaptation beginning in March 1992. The original animated series has been adapted into several different languages, including English. One of the series' later localizations (the first dub having been in French), the original English version, produced from 1995-1998 by DiC Entertainment and later Cloverway, in association with Optimum Productions, was a broadcast success, although it was highly controversial for its edits and changes to the story material. The entire manga series has also been translated and published in English twice, once by Mixx (later Tokyopop) and again by Kodansha Comics USA.

Attempted American remakeEdit

When Sailor Moon was to be licensed in North America, Renaissance-Atlantic Entertainment, who worked closely with Bandai and Toon Makers, Inc., conceptualized their own version of the property, which was half live-action and half Western-style animation. Toon Makers produced a 17-minute proof of concept presentation video, as well as a two-minute music video, for this concept, which Renaissance-Atlantic presented to Toei. Toei eventually rejected Renaissance-Atlantic's bid because the series as Renaissance-Atlantic and Toon Makers envisioned it would have cost significantly more than simply exporting and dubbing the original anime.

The music video was exhibited at a panel at Anime Expo 1998 by Allen Hastings, then with NewTek, Inc., and met with scorn, ridicule, and derision. A convention attendee taped the music video off the screen and uploaded the footage, which includes an introduction by Hastings and brief comments by other convention attendees afterwards, to the Internet. The clip has since been copied numerous times and can currently be viewed on many streaming video sites. Because of the relatively poor quality of the source video and circulated footage, many anime fans believed that the music video was actually a leaked trailer for the now-inactive project instead of an exhibition of a promotion piece. Additional copies of the footage, with Hastings' intro excised, have since been uploaded to the Internet and served only to bolster the mistaken belief.

Because Renaissance-Atlantic had previously been instrumental in Saban Entertainment's acquisition of Toei's Super Sentai series for reimagining as Mighty Morphin' Power Rangers, people who viewed the music video mistakenly believed that Saban had actually created it and began to call it "Saban Moon." The Toon Makers music video has been called a worst-case scenario with regards to how Sailor Moon would have been presented in North America, in comparison to the original anime episodes that were eventually dubbed by DIC Entertainment and Cloverway Inc. and aired. Rocky Solotoff, Toon Makers' president and founder, wrote, directed, and produced the pilot episode of Renaissance-Atlantic's version of Sailor Moon, which to this day, has not been exhibited publicly.

All five Guardian Senshi are depicted in the music video. Though Solotoff is legally prohibited from divulging much information regarding the Renaissance-Atlantic/Toon Makers version of Sailor Moon, he does reveal, in an interview with Animefringe magazine, the origin of the concept and music video, debunking many of the stories and speculations that had been connected to both. Details revealed in the interview include confirmation that both a white and black cat were planned to be in the series, although only a fluffy white cat is seen in the music video (according to the lyrics, this cat was meant to be Luna), and that each Senshi was written to be of a different nationality.

Two curious remnants of Toon Makers' involvement with Sailor Moon remained after Renaissance-Atlantic shelved the project. The Renaissance-Atlantic series featured vehicles which did not appear in the original metaseries. One of these was the Moon Cycle, which Bandai manufactured a toy version of as part of the North American line of Sailor Moon toys. The Moon Cycle toy remains one of the more curious pieces of Sailor Moon merchandise produced for the North American market. More prominently, the Sailor Moon logo featured at the end of the music video was retained as the official North American Sailor Moon logo for the metaseries and all related programs and merchandising.

ProductionEdit

The English adaptation of Sailor Moon was produced in an attempt to capitalize on the success of Mighty Morphin Power Rangers. In 1995, after a bidding war with Toon Makers, DIC Entertainment acquired the rights to the first two seasons of the Sailor Moon franchise. Carl Macek adapted the first few episodes for an English-speaking audience, and was then replaced by Fred Ladd and Lisa Lumby-Richards, with all the voice recordings being handled by Optimum Productions in Toronto, Ontario, Canada. Through the omission of six episodes that were considered a lack of interest or inappropriate for the target audience, and the merging of two, the total episode count for the original adapted episodes was reduced from 72 to 65, the minimum number of episodes required for strip syndication on U.S. television, stopping mid-way through Sailor Moon R. These remaining episodes were each cut by several minutes to make room for more commercials, to censor plot points or visuals deemed inappropriate for children and to allow the insertion of brief "educational" segments called "Sailor Says" at the end of each episode. In addition, the background musical score, and insert songs were also replaced. The remaining 17 episodes of Sailor Moon R were not adapted until 1997 after the series gained popularity in North America and were treated in much the same way; when Sailor Moon R was translated, it was marketed under the same title as the first season. At the time, it was unusual for anime theme songs to be translated, and Sailor Moon's was one of the first such themes to be redone in English since Speed Racer. In addition, some episodes from the first two seasons of Sailor Moon were introduced with the following text: "From a far away place and time, Earth's greatest adventure is about to begin."

AlterationsEdit

The North American version of the Sailor Moon anime was translated and distributed in 1995 by DIC Entertainment, initially airing on YTV in Canada and various television stations in the United States including....

Station Market Day Time
KASA Fox 2 ALBUQUERQUE MON-FRI 5:30 AM
WUPA UPN 69 ATLANTA MON-FRI 8:30 AM
KNVA WB 54 AUSTIN, TX MON-FRI 8:00 AM
WNUV UPN 54 BALTIMORE MON-FRI 6:00 AM
WBTR UPN 19 BATON ROUGE MON-FRI 8:30 AM
WABM UPN 68 BIRMINGHAM MON-FRI 8:30 AM
WLVI WB 56 BOSTON MON-FRI 2:00 PM
WUTV Fox 29 BUFFALO MON-FRI 5:30 AM
WWBI UPN 27 BURLINGTON MON-FRI 3:00 PM
KFXA Fox 28

KFXB Fox 40

CEDAR RAPIDS/DUBUQUE MON-FRI 5:30 AM
WFVT WB 55 CHARLOTTE MON-FRI 7:00 AM
WCCU Fox 27

WRSP Fox 55

CHAMPAIGN/SPRINGFIELD MON-FRI 5:30 AM
WFLI UPN 53 CHATTANOOGA MON-FRI 3:30 PM
WCIU The U 26 CHICAGO MON-FRI 8:00 AM
WSTR UPN 64 CINCINNATI MON-FRI 5:30 AM
WBNX TV 55 CLEVELAND MON-FRI 5:30 AM
KDFI 27 DALLAS MON-FRI 8:30 AM
KTVD UPN 20 DENVER MON-FRI 6:30 AM
KDSM Fox 17 DES MOINES MON-FRI 5:30 AM
WXON WB 20 DETROIT MON-FRI 7:30 AM
WTVK UPN 46 FT. MYERS MON-FRI 5:30 AM
WACY UPN 32 GREEN BAY MON-FRI 5:30 AM
WAAP 16 GREENSBORO MON-FRI 8:00 AM
XHFOX Fox 17 HARLINGEN MON-FRI 3:00 PM
WPMT Fox 43 HARRISBURG MON-FRI 5:00 AM
WTXX UPN 20 HARTFORD MON-FRI 3:30 PM
KFVE UPN 5 HONOLULU MON-FRI 6:30 AM
KTXH UPN 20 HOUSTON MON-FRI 5:30 AM
WNDY WB 23 INDIANAPOLIS MON-FRI 6:30 AM
WDBD Fox 40 JACKSON, MS MON-FRI 5:30 AM
WMTU UPN 16 JACKSON, TN MON-FRI 7:30 AM
KCOP UPN 13 LOS ANGELES MON-FRI 7:30 AM
WFTE UPN 58 LOUISVILLE MON-FRI 7:30 AM
WJPR Fox 21

WJPR Fox 27

LYNCHBURG/ROANOKE MON-FRI 2:30 PM
WiSC² (cable-only) MADISON MON-FRI 5:00 PM
WLMT UPN 30 MEMPHIS MON-FRI 7:30 AM
WBFS UPN 33 MIAMI MON-FRI 2:00 PM
WVTV Super 18 MILWAUKEE MON-FRI 6:30 AM
KMSP UPN 9 MINNEAPOLIS/ST. PAUL MON-FRI 6:00 AM
WZTV Fox 17 NASHVILLE MON-FRI 5:30 AM
WGNO WB 26 NEW ORLEANS MON-FRI 2:30 PM
WPIX WB 11 NEW YORK MON-FRI 6:30 AM
WTVZ Fox 33 NORFOLK MON-FRI 5:30 AM
KOKH Fox 25 OKLAHOMA CITY MON-FRI 5:30 AM
WRBW UPN 65 ORLANDO MON-FRI 7:00 AM
KYOU Fox 15 OTTUMWA MON-FRI 6:30 AM
WYZZ Fox 43 PEORIA MON-FRI 6:00 AM
WPSG UPN 57 PHILADELPHIA MON-FRI 8:00 AM
KASW WB 61 PHOENIX MON-FRI 8:30 AM
WPTT UPN 22 PITTSBURGH MON-FRI 6:00 AM
WNAC Fox 64 PROVIDENCE MON-FRI 5:30 AM
WLFL Fox 22 RALEIGH/DURHAM MON-FRI 2:30 PM
WRLH Fox 35 RICHMOND MON-FRI 5:30 AM
WUHF Fox 31 ROCHESTER, NY MON-FRI 5:00 AM
KTXL Fox 40 SACRAMENTO MON-FRI 5:30 AM
KTTY WB 69 SAN DIEGO MON-FRI 7:30 AM
KBHK UPN 44 SAN FRANCISCO MON-FRI 2:30 PM
WOLF Fox 38 SCRANTON MON-FRI 5:00 AM
KTZZ WB 22 SEATTLE MON-FRI 9:00 AM
WSYT Fox 68 SYRACUSE MON-FRI 5:30 AM
WTTA Great 38 TAMPA MON-FRI 8:00 AM
WFND UPN 47 TOLEDO/FINDLAY MON-FRI 7:30 AM
KTFO UPN 41 TULSA MON-FRI 7:30 AM
KAKW UPN 62 WACO/TEMPLE MON-FRI 7:30 AM
WBDC WB 50 WASHINGTON, DC MON-FRI 8:00 AM
WTVX UPN 34 WEST PALM BEACH MON-FRI 6:00 AM

Although the basic storyline remained the same, several alterations were made to the original Japanese material to make it acceptable for the younger target age group in the United States.

EpisodesEdit

Season 1

No.

overall

No. in

season

Title Original air date
1 1 "A Moon Star Is Born" September 11, 1995
2 2 "Talk Radio" September 12, 1995
3 2 "Slim City" September 13, 1995
4 4 "So You Want To Be a Superstar" September 14, 1995
5 5 "Computer School Blues" September 15, 1995
6 6 "Time Bomb" September 18, 1995
7 7 "An Uncharmed Life" September 19, 1995
8 8 "Nightmare in Dreamland" September 20, 1995
9 9 "Cruise Blues" September 21, 1995
10 10 "Fight to the Finish" September 22, 1995
11 11 "Match Point for Sailor Moon" September 25, 1995
12 12 "An Unnatural Phenomena" September 26, 1995
13 13 "Wedding Day Blues" September 27, 1995
14 14 "Shutter Bugged" September 28, 1995
15 15 "Dangerous Dollies" September 29, 1995
16 16 "Who's That Masked Man?" October 2, 1995
17 17 "An Animated Mess" October 3, 1995
18 18 "Worth a Princess' Ransom" October 4, 1995
19 19 "Molly's Folly" October 5, 1995
20 20 "A Friend in Wolf's Clothing" October 6, 1995
21 21 "Jupiter Comes Thundering In" October 9, 1995
22 22 "The Power of Friendship" October 10, 1995
23 23 "Mercury's Mental Match" October 11, 1995
24 24 "An Artful Attack" October 12, 1995
25 25 "Too Many Girlfriends" October 13, 1995
26 26 "Grandpa's Follies" October 16, 1995
27 27 "Kitty Chaos" October 17, 1995
28 28 "Tuxedo Melvin" October 18, 1995
29 29 "Sailor V Makes the Scene" October 19, 1995
30 30 "A Crystal Clear Destiny" October 20, 1995
31 31 "A Reluctant Princess" October 23, 1995
32 32 "Bad Hair Day" October 24, 1995
33 33 "Little Miss Manners" October 25, 1995
34 34 "Ski Bunny Blues" October 26, 1995
35 35 "Ice Princess" October 27, 1995
36 36 "Last Resort" October 30, 1995
37 37 "Tuxedo Unmasked" October 31, 1995
38 38 "Fractious Friends" November 1, 1995
39 39 "The Past Returns" November 2, 1995
40 40 "Day of Destiny" November 3, 1995

Season 2

No.

overall

No. in

season

Title Original air date
41 1 "The Return of Sailor Moon" November 22, 1995
42 2 "So You Want to Be in Pictures" November 23, 1995
43 3 "A Knight to Remember" November 24, 1995
44 4 "VR Madness" November 27, 1995
45 5 "Cherry Blossom Time" November 28, 1995
46 6 "Kindergarten Chaos" November 29, 1995
47 7 "Much Ado about Babysitting" November 30, 1995
48 8 "Raye's Day in the Spotlight" December 1, 1995
49 9 "Food Fetish" December 4, 1995
50 10 "Mirror, Mirror on the Wall" December 5, 1995
51 11 "Detention Doldrums" December 6, 1995
52 12 "Secret Garden" December 7, 1995
53 13 "Treed" December 8, 1995
54 14 "Serena Times Two" November 6, 1995
55 15 "The Cosmetic Caper" November 7, 1995
56 16 "Sailor Mercury Moving On?" November 8, 1995
57 17 "Gramps in a Pickle" November 9, 1995
58 18 "Trouble Comes Thundering Down" November 10, 1995
59 19 "A Charmed Life" November 13, 1995
60 20 "A Curried Favor" November 14, 1995
61 21 "Naughty 'N' Nice" November 15, 1995
62 22 "Prediction of Doom" November 16, 1995
63 23 "Enemies No More" November 17, 1995
64 24 "Checkmate" November 20, 1995
65 25 "Sibling Rivalry" November 21, 1995
66 26 "Rubeus Evens the Score" May 25, 1998
67 27 "Rubeus Strikes Out" May 26, 1998
68 28 "The Secret of the Luna Sphere" May 27, 1998
69 29 "Emerald Takes Over" May 28, 1998
70 30 "Promises Fulfilled" May 29, 1998
71 31 "No Thanks, Nurse Venus" June 1, 1998
72 32 "Dog Day for Artemis" June 2, 1998
73 33 "Smart Payoff" June 3, 1998
74 34 "Child's Play" June 4, 1998
75 35 "Future Shocked" June 5, 1998
76 36 "Legend of the Negamoon" June 8, 1998
77 37 "Jealousy's Just Reward" June 9, 1998
78 38 "The Birth of Wicked Lady" June 10, 1998
79 39 "Brotherly Love" June 11, 1998
80 40 "Diamond in the Rough" June 12, 1998
81 41 "Final Battle" June 15, 1998
82 42 "Follow the Leader" June 16, 1998

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